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Kashina Village

The picturesque Kashina village is located in southwestern slopes of Pirin mountains. It is typical hilly village situated 8 km from the village Rozhen. It can be reached by a dirt road that is in very poor condition. But nevertheless, the village has a direct transport connection. Every Monday, Saturday and Sunday there is a bus from Sandanski to Kashina passing through Melnik and Rozhen.

History of Kashina is lost in the distant past. Unfortunately there are no written records specifying when the village was founded. Partial information about its origin was transmitted by word of mouth and is pointing that long time ago Kashina was a Bulgarian-Wallachian village. But after some time vlachs have left it and Kashina remains purely Bulgarian village to present day.

The name of the village comes from the Turkish word "kashik" which means "spoon". Residents of Kashina were known in neighbourhood with their spoons from beech wood, which they sold at markets and fairs in the near and distant villages and towns. Their buyers called them "kashitsite" which means spoon-makers. After a while, "kashitsite" became "kashintsite" and their village became Kashina.

In difficult times of Ottoman rule local inhabitants have found reliable shelter in good climatic conditions of Kashina village and in the distance from the Turkish administration. Abundance of springs and mountain streams, pastures, ancient forests, rare herbs, bird flocks and game allowed people to lead decent although primitive way of life. People are mainly engaged in animal husbandry, agriculture, logging and woodworking. For a long time the villagers have been known as the best masters of wooden agricultural implements. Each family then owned a house, a barn and a garden. The houses were wattled. On the ground floor there was the livestock, while the people lived upstairs. There was a water-mill on the river working with one stone.

During the struggle for liberation of Bulgaria Kashina was known as one of the villages-fortresses of the IMARO (Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization). For a long time the seat of Yane Sandanski and weapon facilities of the organization were here.

During the socialist period of the development of Bulgaria Kashina is developing as well. It was connected with the national road network, electrificated, supplied with water and telephone line. But unfortunately at that time the migration of people began and people started to leave their native village. According to population census the number of people reached its maximum in 1946 (it was 324). Today the population of Kashina barely reaches 10 people.

Today Kashina remains a picturesque village of Pirin mountains. There is a hope that it can develop into a holiday village. The nature is incredibly beautiful here, the air is clean. People can hunt, gather herbs and mushrooms, fish and keep bees here. Also near the village and in the village itself you can find different landmarks and cultural monuments.

Kashina Church of the Assumption of Mary is one of such monuments. It was built in the first half of the XIX-th century. For centuries there was a legend that the church protects the village from Turkish raids. Each year in late August there is a holiday of the Virgin Mary in Kashina. This is a celebration of the village and the church. At that time the small village returns to life which reminds of past times.

Close to the village there is a waterfall named Skoko, natural phenomenon Garvanova rock and monasteries in the area of Dybaya. 4 km south of the village the ruins of a settlement from the late Middle Ages were found and in the west of the village in the area Shtemnitsa the traces of settlement from the Bronze and Iron ages were discovered.
       
In 2006, there started the initiative of non-governmental organizations with young people from Germany and Bulgaria (Sandanski) with the aim to revive the village, help old people, clean graveyard, collect waste and restore with clay. More information on Where is the road to Europe (available only in Bulgarian).

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Interesting facts

In socialist times the town has been included in the compulsory program of excursions for pupils.